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The Bishop’s Palace & The Barbican, Pecs

This round Gothic-style gatehouse, the Barbican, was erected in the first half of the 15th century on the western corner of the tall crenulated castle wall. Matchless views of the town centre open up from the top.
There is a machicolated gallery along the top of the bastion, a wooden trestle with steps which allows visitors to walk on the circular battlement.

The Bishop’s Palace

The building dates back to the Middle Ages, but today there is only a fragment of a Gothic window or balcony in the attic which can prove its medieval origins. Chronicles and charters refer to its construction in the 11th century. The palace survived the Turkish invasion, though it suffered serious damages during the period. Outbuildings were added to it in the 18th century. Bishop Klimó had a second floor built on the northern and the eastern sides in 1751-70, and the southern wing was extended to the 15th-century tower. Meanwhile the façade was refurbished in baroque style. Bishop Scitovszky had the eastern façade rebuilt in renaissance style between 1838-1852. The present staircase was constructed at that time. Another period of rebuilding was in process between 1807-1827, by the plans of Mihály Pollack; the front looking to the square got a baroque appearance then. In 1845 the parts of the building from different periods and the rebuilt parts were unified in neo-renaissance style. The extension to the northern wall of the eastern wing is a recent development.

Pécs

Pécs is one of the most important intellectual, spiritual, cultural and economic centres of Southern Transdanubia. Combined with its priceless heritage sites, its lively cultural scene, theatres and museums, and the surrounding holiday resorts make the town a popular tourist centre.
First named Sopianae, the settlement came under the authority of the Roman Empire in 10 BC. The early Christian period of Sopianae is preserved by the Early Christian Necropolis uncovered in the area in front of the current Cathedral around the former Mons Sacrum (Sacred Hill). This unique heritage complex was entered onto the World Heritage Sites.
The first Hungarian king, St Stephen, established the bishopric and the cathedral of Pécs in a charter dated 23rd August 1009 in Győr. The first Hungarian university was founded here by the Anjou King Louis I the Great in 1367. The period between 1459 and 1472 was the era of Bishop Janus Pannonius and the flowering of Renaissance culture in Pécs. This spirit can still be traced in the features in the town centre, a district that is made even more special by the numerous characteristic buildings surviving from the Turkish times.
The most famous of the major factories in Pécs is the Zsolnay Porcelain Manufacture. The world-famous products made in this works over the past century can be seen not only in the local Zsolnay Museum, but are also decorating numerous public spaces.
A plenitude of museums safeguards the town's historic remains in addition to the heritage buildings. Several contemporary fine arts collections enrich the list of things to see and do in the town, among which are galleries dedicated to world famous artists of Hungarian origin like Victor Vasarely or Amerigo Tot. (Source: vendégváró)

lakshmip1949, RhodieIke, timecapturer, siamesa, jjcordier, vasilpro, paninho, pablominto ha puntuado esta nota como útil.

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Additional Photos by George Rumpler (Budapestman) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 8900 W: 3 N: 20435] (82620)
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