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Prebendal Archives and Presbytery, Pécs

The eye-catching sight of the Dóm square has been completed by the construction of the unified block of the Cartulary and the Presbytery. This building closes the eastern side of the square, and together with the opposite Bishop’s Palace, ensures the central role of the Cathedral. The first plans were made by architect János Krammer of Pécs in 1777. The St. Peter and Paul burial chamber was found - under the walls, during the demolition of Bishop Szatmáry’s former palace - after the beginning of the work. The work was suspended then, and it continued only in 1780. Considering the protection of the burial chamber, new plans were made by architect Sartory of Trento. Only the northern wing - the Cartulary - was completed that time; the southern block of the Presbytery was added in 1880. The frontispiece with the clock, closed by a tympanum above the central bay was placed there in the late 1880s, during the restoration of the Cathedral. An arched passage-way to Káptalan Street is added to the Presbytery.
The rich corpus of the Prebendal Cartulary has been flourishing since the 13th century. The cathedral chapter brought off the documents of his archives from the Turkish troops invading the city to Szigetvár, then later to Pozsony. Those that were left in Pécs were perished. Today it provides a significant collection for research again. The oldest document dates back to 1329.

Pécs

Pécs is one of the most important intellectual, spiritual, cultural and economic centres of Southern Transdanubia. Combined with its priceless heritage sites, its lively cultural scene, theatres and museums, and the surrounding holiday resorts make the town a popular tourist centre.
First named Sopianae, the settlement came under the authority of the Roman Empire in 10 BC. The early Christian period of Sopianae is preserved by the Early Christian Necropolis uncovered in the area in front of the current Cathedral around the former Mons Sacrum (Sacred Hill). This unique heritage complex was entered onto the World Heritage Sites.
The first Hungarian king, St Stephen, established the bishopric and the cathedral of Pécs in a charter dated 23rd August 1009 in Győr. The first Hungarian university was founded here by the Anjou King Louis I the Great in 1367. The period between 1459 and 1472 was the era of Bishop Janus Pannonius and the flowering of Renaissance culture in Pécs. This spirit can still be traced in the features in the town centre, a district that is made even more special by the numerous characteristic buildings surviving from the Turkish times.
The most famous of the major factories in Pécs is the Zsolnay Porcelain Manufacture. The world-famous products made in this works over the past century can be seen not only in the local Zsolnay Museum, but are also decorating numerous public spaces.
A plenitude of museums safeguards the town's historic remains in addition to the heritage buildings. Several contemporary fine arts collections enrich the list of things to see and do in the town, among which are galleries dedicated to world famous artists of Hungarian origin like Victor Vasarely or Amerigo Tot. (Source: vendégváró)

lakshmip1949, snunney, jjcordier, siamesa, Graal, JCG ha puntuado esta nota como útil.

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Additional Photos by George Rumpler (Budapestman) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 8900 W: 3 N: 20435] (82620)
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