Photographer's Note

Il tiro alla fune è uno sport di origine contadina che vede contrapposte due squadre che si sfidano in una gara di forza.Esistono club sportivi di tiro alla fune in molte nazioni; viene praticato sia dagli uomini che dalle donne.Il tiro alla fune è stato sport olimpico dal 1900 al 1920. I francesi vinsero nel 1900 una medaglia d'argento nel tiro alla fune, ma il loro merito non fu certo eccessivo in quanto ebbero come avversari, una squadra di scandinavi composta da danesi e svedesi, formatasi per la circostanza.A Saint Louis, nel 1904, gli americani s'imposero senza ombra di dubbio davanti al loro pubblico; non solo vinsero il titolo olimpico, ma anche le medaglie d'argento e di bronzo.Assai folcloristico oscillante fra cinque e otto, (il numero dei componenti la squadra non fu mai codificato), il tiro alla fune scomparve dal programma olimpico nel 1920.Ogni due anni vengono organizzati i Mondiali di tiro alla fune dalla Federazione Internazionale di Tiro alla Fune (Tug of War International Federation, TWIF). A questi campionati partecipano le squadre nazionali e vengono organizzati incontri sia indoor che outdoor.Esistono anche competizioni internazionali per club.Il tiro alla fune è piuttosto noto anche in Italia, sebbene sia più diffuso come gioco amichevole ed amatoriale che come sport vero e proprio.

ENGLISH Tug of war
Tug of war, also known as tug o' war, tug war or rope pulling, is a sport that directly puts two teams against each other in a test of strength. The term may also be used as a metaphor to describe a demonstration of brute strength by two opposing groups, such as a rivalry between two departments of a company. In this scenario, there is a third party who is often considered the "rope" in the tug of war.The origins of tug of war are not clearly known, though they must be very old. It may have originally been a ritual or religious contest:There is no specific time and place in history to define the origin of the game of Tug of War. The contest of pulling on the rope originates from ancient ceremonies and rituals. Evidence is found in countries like Egypt, India, Myanmar, New Guinea... The origin of the game in India has strong archaeological roots going back at least to the 12th Century AD in the area what is today the State of Orissa on the east coast. The famous Sun Temple of Konark has a stone relief on the west wing of the structure clearly showing the game of Tug of War in progress.The origins of Tug of War are uncertain, but it is beyond dispute that this once royal sport was practised in ancient Egypt and China, where it was held in legend that the Sun and Moon played Tug of War over the light and darkness.The bas-relief of the Churning of the Sea of Milk shows Vishnu in the centre, his turtle avatar Kurma below, asuras and devas to left and right, and apsaras and Indra above. This is a tug of war between the asuras and demons.Tug of War stories about heroic champions from Scandinavia and Germany circulate Western Europe where Viking warriors pull animal skins over open pits of fire in tests of strength and endurance in preparation for battle and plunder.1500 and 1600 – Tug of War is popularised during tournaments in French châteaux gardens and later in Great Britain...
1800 – Tug of War begins a new tradition among seafaring men who were required to tug on lines to adjust sails while ships were under way and even in battle.
The Oxford English Dictionary says that the phrase 'tug of war' originally meant the decisive contest; the real struggle or tussle; a severe contest for supremacy. Only in the 19th century was it used as a term for an athletic contest between two teams who haul at the opposite ends of a rope.

FRANCAIS Tir à la corde

Tir à la corde.Le tir à la corde ou lutte à la corde ou souque à la corde est un sport qui oppose deux équipes dans une épreuve de force.

Deux équipes de huit personnes, dont le poids total ne doit pas excéder un poids décidé suivant la catégorie, s'alignent à chaque bout d'une corde d'environ 10 centimètres de circonférence. Deux lignes, espacées de 8 mètres, sont tracées. Une fois le jeu commencé, chaque équipe essaye de faire dépasser à l'autre sa ligne ou de faire chuter l'adversaire.

Ce sport faisait partie des jeux olympiques de 1900 à 1920.


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Additional Photos by Giorgio Clementi (Clementi) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3694 W: 437 N: 9370] (52514)
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