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Dubrovnik a été fondée durant la première moitié du VIIe siècle. Dès sa fondation, la ville a été placée sous la protection de Byzance. En 980, la ville devint le siège d'un évêché. A l'instar de Venise dont elle devint concurrente, Dubrovnik sut tirer partie de sa position côtière pour développer un commerce maritime lucratif.
Située au sud de la côte dalmate, à proximité de la frontière avec la Bosnie-Herzégovine et le Monténégro, la ville-forte de Dubrovnik (Ragusa en italien et en latin) est un des hauts lieux touristiques de Croatie. Cette ville portuaire porte en effet de nombreux témoignages de sa très riche histoire, au travers de ses monuments et de ses rues pavées.

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Dubrovnik (also Ragusa, official name until 1909) is a historic city on the Adriatic Sea coast in the extreme south of Croatia, positioned at the terminal end of the Isthmus of Dubrovnik. It is one of the most prominent tourist destinations on the Adriatic, a seaport and the centre of Dubrovnik-Neretva county. Its population was 43,770 in 2001[1] down from 49,728 in 1991.[2] In 2001 the absolute majority of its citizens declared themselves as Croats with 88.39% (2001 census).

Since 1979, the historic centre of Dubrovnik has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.

The prosperity of the city of Dubrovnik has always been based on maritime trade. In the Middle Ages, as the Republic of Ragusa, it became the only eastern Adriatic city-state to rival Venice. Supported by its wealth and skilled diplomacy, the city achieved a remarkable level of development, particularly during the 15th and 16th centuries. Ragusa was one of the centres of the development of the Croatian language and literature, home to many notable poets, playwrights, painters, mathematicians, physicists and other scholars.

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Additional Photos by Jacques d'ABRIGEON (jafadabret) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 6638 W: 709 N: 11871] (56501)
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