Photographer's Note

The Hot Spring

Temperature 73°C, CO2 content 400 mg/l, spring discharge 2,000 l/min.

The water for drinking cure is led to five spring vases in the Hot Spring Colonnade. There it is available not only in the original temperature (spring vases A), but also cooled to 57°C (spring vases B) and 41°C (spring vase C).

The Hot Spring became not only symbol of the largest Czech bath resort, but also its eternally beating heart. Almost everything that makes Carlsbad a bath resort depends on the Spring - it provides thermal water for all balneal facilities, supplies carbon dioxide (CO2) for bathtub bathing, provides base material for production of Carlsbad thermal salt and for souvenir petrifying.

Also other Carlsbad springs depend on the Hot Spring, for they are just branches separated from the main thermal spring.

The very fountain geysering up to 14 meters high in the Colonnade Hall, which attracts attention of all visitors of our town, is only one of the branches of the Hot Spring.

Extrusions of the Hot Spring were known long before foundation of the bath resort. The water advanced from the depths of the Earth - at the break zone crossing in the Carlsbad granite - at the lowest point of the valley, in the bed of the Teplá River. At first, it also flowed away with river water without any use. Natural extrusions were gradually being overgrown by sinter, which together with washing-out activities of the river caused their endless moving. Only when the bath resort was founded, the need for the Spring use caused the Hot Spring to be collected. At first, it was done directly in the places of extrusion, in the bed of the Teplá River. Frequent floods, however, necessitated another solution - since 1500, the Spring has been collected on the right bank of the river.

Shallow wells, deepened into thick thermal sinter bench, usually found pressurized thermal spring directly below surface. Such spring flowed to open mortars of bathhouses. Bathing was provided in the bathhouses and patients drank the curative waters there.

On the basis of positive results of extensive geological survey, the relatively shallow catches of the Carlsbad Hot Spring were replaced by four transversal collecting wells, which collect the Spring in the depth of 48 - 49 meters.

> Infos taken from the Karlovy Vary Official Site

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Additional Photos by Mpampis Mantoukas (Xalkida) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2291 W: 339 N: 2759] (11744)
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