Photographer's Note

Hi friends.
Here you see a detail from the royal tombs of Αιανή=Aiani city, from the time between 6th and first century BC. The most of them are desecrated at the roman time and first Christian time, also at the time of the Second World War and after it.

Groups of graves have been located not only on the hill of Megali Rachi but also at a large number of sites around it, as have also some extensive cemeteries dating from the Bronze Age to the Hellenistic period. These cemeteries, that is, cover the entire life of the city. We may dwell for a time on the cemetery found at the site of Tskaria, 1 km to the east of the hill, on the right of the road to Kaisareia. Here were excavated eighty pit graves, simply dug into the earth or the soft limestone, belts of which are to be found in the area, and two cist graves, built of cornerstones and slabstones respectively. They date from the 4th to the 1st century BC.
The grave goods found were mainly clay pottery and a small number of metal objects, most of them placed around the feet.
Other finds includes a few weapons, mainly spearheads, bronze jewellery such as bow
Fibulae and double pins, and bronze strigils. Special interest attaches to the bronze strigil with the name ΑΔΑΜΑΣ stamped on the handle and a group pf clay pots from local workshops.
One of the cemeteries that we consider worth visiting is the Archaic and Classical Cemetery at Leivadia, to the north of the hill of Megali Rachi, with its monumental funerary architecture.
A total of twelve built chamber tombs and smaller cist graves have been investigated.
Four of these are encircled by grave enclosures, consisting of rectangular structures made of corner-stones. Three more enclosures encircled pit graves.
The largest tomb, has a chamber measuring c. 4x4 m, and sides of c. 3 m, built alternatively of three and two series of courses. The chamber had a flat roof of long rectangular stone-blocks probably resting on a wooden beam. The sockets to seat the beam can be made out on the walls of the tomb. The roof was probably also supported by an unfluted column, part of which was found fallen into the chamber, and by a lattice of planks.
Some tombs are smaller, and were also robbed in different times. The insides are coated with whitish plaster and decorated with bands, usually of a red colour. In two of them were found Ionic columns together with their bases.

The pottery collected here includes a large number of vases of the so called Macedonian matt-painted ware and Mycenaean pots. The quality of the painted decoration and the variety of colours and motifs suggest that the area of ancient Aiani was a notable production centre for tottery of this type. This pottery makes its appearance from the 15th-14th centuries BC in the settlements of central Macedonia, and is encountered at almost the same time in western Macedonia.
According to the findings of recent research, its origins are to be south in Middle Helladic models of similar matt painted pottery from south Greece.

Generally speaking, the archaeological finds that have come to light add a new dimension to the history of Upper Macedonia. It is only a natural in the case of an area like this, for which, as we have seen, there are few written sources, that some of the views that have been advanced should be strengthened in the light of the new discoveries, while other views have to be revised.
One view that has had to be revised, for example, is the theory universally held by both earlier and more recent Greek and foreign historians that Upper Macedonia was an isolated region, with a political and social system based exclusively on a nomadic-pastoral way of life. The recent finds reveal a different reality, furnishing incontrovertible evidence for the nature of the religious institutions and the social and political structures of Upper Macedonia.
At the same time, they are of assistance in achieving a more complete evaluation of the earlier finds, such as the rich graves in the cemetery at Kozani and Trebeniste in Lychnitis-Ochrid, which had been previously interpreted as isolated rich burials with a large number of goods imported from isolated commercial routes.

I have this information from the museum from Aiani published from the ministry of culture.
You can read more here and here

Thanks to all.

syd1946, Xalkida, salvator, bostankorkulugu, doubay, Buin, axiotea, cobbydale, CRATEOS, sotirios ha puntuado esta nota como útil.

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Additional Photos by Evangelos Rizopoulos (evanrizo) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 3213 W: 130 N: 151] (462)
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