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If all the castles are lost
if all are devastated
beautiful Palamidi
will be saved by God. (folksong)


On our left, before entering the city, there rises Palamidi fortress (220 m. height) praised in many songs. It bears the name of Palamedes the sage. Nowadays there is a drive on the east side. Romantics can climb up all 999 steps, that were rebuilt in Othon's period. Previously one could climb up through the venetian galleries, that are still preserved οn the right of the steps.
Palamidi was fortified by the Venetians in the 12th century. The works were started by Morosini the conqueror of the city and were carried on till the last years of the Venetian occupation (1686 - 1715). Besides St. Andrew's bastion which is the tallest, there are six more : Phocio's, Themistocles', Miltiades', Epaminondas', Leonidas', and Achilles'. Five of the bastions are joined by a wall. Achilles and Miltiades are separate forts. In the fort there is the historical church of St. Andrew, built in the Venetian period.
In this group of forts and bastions, that really made Palamidi impregnable, we often see the Venetian coat of arms «St. Mark's lion». The cells of the forts, that during the Regency served as Kolokotronis' prison (great Greek General), were used as both prison and execution rooms. It was here that the brave men of Greece and the Orient, the murderers and the smugglers, were buried, as Venezis says.
Palamidi was besieged the very first year of the Revolution. The leaders made the right speculation that its possesion would offer the Revolution a bulwark and a proper seat for the Government. After many efforts and failures, on the night of November 29th 1822, Staikos Staikopoulos with Moschonissiotis and 350 select soldiers managed to set foot οn Achilles's bastion and subsequently occupy Palamidi. After a while Kolokotronis arrived and made Nauplion's guard surrender and sign a treaty. Every year οη the 30th of November the anniversary of the liberation of the city is celebrated at Nauplion.

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Additional Photos by Ioannis Bahatouris (jjbach) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1861 W: 57 N: 1761] (9326)
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