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The Greek island of Santorini (named Thera in ancient times) is located in the Aegean Sea and experienced a massive volcanic eruption some 3600 years ago. Recent geological investigations have concluded that the eruption was even more massive than originally thought. This eruption is commonly referred to as the “Minoan” eruption because it happened when the Minoan civilization on the neighboring island Crete was a thriving force in the Aegean and was probably affected by the eruption.
Santorini has been active for over half-a-million years and has undergone multiple caldera collapses. The Minoan eruption, one of the largest from Santorini, may have discharged as much as 86 km3 of magma and rock debris, forming the present-day 300–400 m deep. The volcanic ash, after covering the entire island in a 10-meter-thick blanket, traveled across the world. Ash and droplets of sulfuric acid from the eruption are still being found by scientists today, even as far away as the glaciers of Greenland. The effect on the climate was felt across the globe. According to experts, the eruption caused a volcanic winter, plunging the world’s average temperature by 1-2 degrees Celsius.
Fira is the modern capital of the island of Santorini. Fira is a city of white-washed houses built on the edge of the 400 metres high caldera on the western edge of the semi-circular island of Thera. Between 1200 AC and 1579 AC, the island was under Byzantine rule. In 1204 AC the island is surrendered to the Venetian Marco Sanudo and becomes part of the Duke of the Aegean. The name of the island was given by the Venetians after the Santa Irini, the name of a Catholic church. During that time, there are strong battles between Venetians and pirates. During the Turkish rule (1579-1821) the island succeeds in trading development with the ports of Eastern Mediterranean. The period that follows is quite prosperous. Due to the wars of the 20th century, Santorini's economy declines and the inhabitants abandoned the island after the catastrophic earthquake in 1956. The tourist development in Santorini begins in the 1970s and today it is one of the best tourist destinations in the world.

pajaran, jhm, ktanska, PaulVDV, ChrisJ, jimmyjimmy, ikeharel ha puntuado esta nota como útil.

Photo Information
  • Copyright: Ecmel Erlat (ecmel) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 131 W: 0 N: 255] (1760)
  • Genre: Lugares
  • Medium: Color
  • Date Taken: 2019-04-20
  • Camera: Canon EOS 200D
  • Exposición: f/0.9, 30 segundos
  • Versión de la foto: Versión original
  • Date Submitted: 2021-03-16 1:45
Viewed: 0
Points: 24
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Additional Photos by Ecmel Erlat (ecmel) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 131 W: 0 N: 255] (1760)
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