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St. Michael Cathedral - Veszprém

The building which has 11th-century Romanesque origins was extended with a Gothic sanctuary and undercroft in the late 14th century. The current form of this church consecrated to St Michael is neo-Romanesque.

It is here where the statue of Giselle was placed, a gift of the Bavarian city of Passau. Under the statue the relics of the forearm bone of Blessed Giselle, also a gift of Passau, can be seen. The first Hungarian queen consort was from Bavaria. Under the elevated sanctuary there is an old undercroft where the grave of Bishop Peter Beriszló, also a famous general in the fight against the Turkish, can be visited. The sarcophagus of the great bishop Martin Padányi Bíró is located in a burial vault to the side.

Defining the castle and the cityscape, the original cathedral was commissioned by the state-founding King St Stephen I and his wife Giselle. It has undergone several reconstructions over time and was destroyed during the Turkish period.

The only thing we know for sure about the original church is its ground plan in 1572. Using the original plans, Count Imre Esterházy had the church rebuilt in a Baroque style. The count had the following Latin inscription made into the western facade, "Devotion beautified me from ruins" - a chronostichon, meaning the added numeric value of the inscription's Latin characters indicates the year of construction.

Bishop Károly Hornig had this building reconstructed between 1907 and 1910 under the direction of Sándor Aigner, drawing on its original Romanesque form. This is how the Romanesque-style cathedral came into existence within the Baroque castle. The original stones were built into the church walls and the Gothic nature of the sanctuary was retained.

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