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Genzano di Roma
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Genzano di Roma is a town and commune in the province of Rome, in the Lazio region of central Italy. It is one of the Castelli Romani, at a distance of 29 km from Rome, on the Alban Hills.
The origin of the name Genzano is still disputed. According to a version, the hill overlooking the Lake of Nemi on which the city is situated was once devoted to the goddess Cynthia, whose cult was associated to that of Diana Nemorensis. Another version relates its origin to the Gentiani family. For others the presence on the hills, at that time of the "tribus or gens Cynthia" originators and custodians of the cult of courage, in "Castrum Gentianum" from them the derivation of the name Genzano.
In the 12th century a tower of the Gandolfi family, lord of Castel Gandolfo, existed in the site. In 1183 Pope Lucius III gave it to the Cistercian monks of St. Anastasius of Aquae Salviae in Rome. In 1235 they edificated a large castle around which the town later grew. In 1378 the Popes assigned it to Giordano Orsini. The Cistercians and the Colonna alternatively ruled Genzano until 1563, when the castle was ceded for 150,000 scudos to the Massimi, from which it was bought by Giuliano Cesarini.
Livia Cesarini, last exponent of the family and wife of Francesco II Sforza, together architect Giovanni Iacobini, designed and edificated Genzano Nuova ("New Genzano") in 1708, according to the then most modern urban plannings of that time.
In the 19th and early 20th century it was seat of numerous peasant revolts; during World War II it suffered heavy damage under Allied bombings, 90% of the edifices being destroyed.

Photo Information
  • Copyright: Silvio Sorcini (Silvio1953) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 18965 W: 130 N: 40044] (213775)
  • Genre: Lugares
  • Medium: Color
  • Date Taken: 2008-11-11
  • Categories: Arquitectura
  • Exposición: f/5.6, 1/125 segundos
  • More Photo Info: view
  • Versión de la foto: Versión original
  • Date Submitted: 2008-11-13 9:16
Viewed: 1607
Points: 46
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Additional Photos by Silvio Sorcini (Silvio1953) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 18965 W: 130 N: 40044] (213775)
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