Photographer's Note

At the sunset

The new wine production of 2006 is preparing by the vineyards, they work hard for this.

From the website of the "Consortium in warranty of Frascati trade name"

The most commonly used cultivation systems are:

Systems with medium expansion:

"Stemmed Cords"
Used for the varieties wanting short pruning. The permanent cord is folded and tied to the 1st thread and, from it, in the for-front are branching spurs of one, two or three shoots placed to 25-35 cm. This is a form of cultivation very useful for new techniques also producing good quality grapes even though it has a low number of shoots (40-80,000). The best structure to this purpose is to have mt 2,50 between the rows and mt 1,5 in the other direction, with one density of approximately 2.700 stalks/hectares.

"Cazenave Cords"
Used for the varieties wanting medium pruning. The permanent cord is always folded to the 1st thread and, from it, are branching, at a distance of 30-40 cm, a spur of 2 shoots and a stalk of 6 to 8 shoots. This cord can be bended to a bow shape. It was mostly used in the years after the Second World War.
It needs a strong holding structure and new soil.
The density of the cultivation is of approximately 2.000 stalks/hectares with mt. 2,50 between the rows and mt. 2,00 on the other direction.
It is not so much used in the actual cultivations.

Systems with great expansion:

The vines are uplifted from the ground and are resting on quite concentrated holding structures.
The vines are placed generally in a square shape from to mt.2 to mt.4 of side.
On the raised structure of mt 1,80 from the ground there are placed 3-4 buds and related spurs. The medium density in our zones is of approximately 1.100 stalks/hectares with a high rate of shoots (120-150,000).
It needs a strong holding structure and new soil.
It is mostly used in the South of Italy for the grapes used mainly as fruit for eating.
It was greatly spread in the seventies due to the unfortunate "quantity policy" and to the lack of mechanical aids in agriculture during those years.

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Additional Photos by Vinicio Tullio (vinicio) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2554 W: 236 N: 3986] (23423)
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