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The Sunday Papagolfade of today is Andreaskerk (St.Andrew's Church), known locally also as Oude kerk (Old Church) or Witte kerk (White Church) in the coastal town of Katwijk, The Netherlands.

Katwijk, 10 km northwest of Leiden and 16 km north of The Hague, is a popular coastal resort and former fishing village, it is also the largest town in the Netherlands without a railway station. Katwijk formed on the North Sea coast at the mouth of the Oude Rijn. In Roman times, Katwijk was a place of strategic importance, along the northern border of the Roman Empire which was formed by the Oude Rijn river. Oude Rijn was at that time the main branch of the Rhine, but silted up in the course of the Middle Ages and lost all its importance. The Roman town of Lugdunum Batavorum, built during the reign of Emperor Claudius (41-54), is often associated with the city of Leiden, which has been using this Latin nickname for centuries, but Katwijk – not Leiden – is the site of this Roman city. The name Katwijk is probably derived from the name of the Germanic tribe called Chatti. Like Urk, Spakenburg and Staphorst, the old Katwijk aan Zee (Katwijk on Sea) is regarded a bastion of strict Protestantism, although nowadays a minority of the population is actually Christian. Nevertheless, Katwijk aan Zee has retained its own character. An old and unique dialect, Katwijks is still spoken there, maintained by the close knit fishermen community.

The church we see here stands directly on the North Sea coast (which is by the way unique for Dutch coastal towns) and is dedicated to the apostle Andrew, the patron saint of the fishermen, the coat of arms of Katwijk being the St.Andrew's cross. The church was built around 1640, after the previous church was demolished in 1572 by the Spanish forces. The clock dates from 1594. Initially, the church had a spire, but after it was severely damaged by storm in 1836, it was replaced by the octagonal cupola. During the WW II, the church, along with many coastal houses, was ordered to be demolished by the German commander to make place for the Atlantic Wall, but has been saved by the local officer who ignored the order.

I have made the shot last weekend when we had an exceptionally good weather with +15C, and not far from this church people were actually lying on the beach on February 9! The tilt has been used, among other things, to achieve uniform polarization of the sky and therefore - better colour contrasts. Note that there are actually two birds in the frame, now as a mini-photoquest to fill your Sunday leisure time, try to find them!:)

ChrisJ, besnard, snunney, frieda, zmey, elihesamian, testmaniac, qengji, Didi ha puntuado esta nota como útil.

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Additional Photos by Alexander Pasternak (pasternak) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 1341 W: 179 N: 3373] (15185)
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