Photographer's Note

Church of St Michael the Archangel and St Stanislaus Bishop and Martyr and Pauline Fathers Monastery, Ska³ka, which means "a small rock" in Polish, is a small hillock in Kraków where the Bishop of Kraków saint Stanislaus of Szczepanów was slain by order of Polish king Boles³aw II the Bold in 1079. This action resulted in the king's exile and the eventual canonization of the slain bishop.

Originally, a Romanesque church was built there. King Casimir III raised a new gothic church in its place and since 1472 this shrine has been in the possession of a monastic community of Pauline Fathers. In 1733-1751 the church received a baroque decor. It is one of the most famous Polish sanctuaries.

The crypt underneath the church serves as a "national Panthéon", a burial place for some of the most distinguished Poles, particularly those who lived in Kraków.
Jan D³ugosz (1415–1480), diplomat and historian
Wincenty Pol (1807–1872), poet, geographer and freedom fighter
Lucjan Siemieñski (1809–1877), poet, writer and freedom fighter
Józef Ignacy Kraszewski (1812–1887), writer and historian
Teofil Lenartowicz (1822–1893), poet and sculptor
Adam Asnyk (1838–1897), poet, playwright and freedom fighter
Henryk Siemiradzki (1843–1902), painter
Stanis³aw Wyspiañski (1869–1907) poet, playwright and painter
Jacek Malczewski (1854–1929), painter
Karol Szymanowski (1882–1937), composer and pianist
Ludwik Solski (1855–1954), theatre actor and director
Tadeusz Banachiewicz (1882–1954), astronomer and mathematician
Czes³aw Mi³osz (1911–2004), poet and essayist, Nobel Prize recipient.


See WS (interior).

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Additional Photos by Aleksander Gruszecki (Graal) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 9418 W: 257 N: 3084] (103040)
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