Photographer's Note

Ankara Kocatepe Camisinde Bayram Namazları Bir Başka

Kurban Bayramı (Arapça: عيد الأضحى; 'Īd al-'Adhā, Farsça: عید قربان; Eid-e Gorbān), Müslümanlar tarafından Hicri Takvime göre Zilhicce ayının onuncu gününden itibaren dört gün boyunca kutlanan bir dini bayram. Zilhicce ayının onuncu, on birinci ve on ikinci günlerine 'Eyyâm-ı nahr' (Kesme günleri) ve bir önceki gün olan Zilhicce ayının dokuzuncu gününe Arefe denir. Kurban Bayramı, aynı zamanda İslam âleminin her yıl Mekke'de hac farizasını ifa ettikleri vakittir.

Kurban Bayramı, nüfusunun çoğunluğu Müslüman olan birçok ülkede dinî bayram olmasının yanı sıra resmî tatil ilan edilir. Ramazan Bayramı ile beraber İslam dinindeki en önemli iki bayramdan biridir.

Bayramda Bayram Namazı kılınır ve Bayram hutbesi okunur.

Arefe günü sabah namazından itibaren bayramın son ikindi namazı dahil her farz namazdan sonra teşrik tekbirleri okunur:

Allahü Ekber Allâhü Ekber Lâ ilâhe İllâllahü Vallâhü Ekber, Allâhü Ekber ve Lillâhi`l-Hamd

Bayram (Eid) Prayer is another fine in Kocatepe Mosque of Ankara

Eid al-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى‎ ‘Īdu l-’Aḍḥā) or "Festival of Sacrifice" or "Greater Eid" is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide to commemorate the willingness of Abraham (Ibrahim) to sacrifice his son Ishmael (Isma'il) as an act of obedience to God, before God intervened to provide him with a ram to sacrifice instead.[1] The meat is divided into three parts to be distributed to others. The family retains one third of the share, another third is given to relatives, friends and neighbors, and the other third is given to the poor & needy.

Eid al-Adha is the latter of two Eid festivals celebrated by Muslims, whose basis comes from Sura 2 (Al-Baqara) Ayah 196 in the Qur'an.[2] Like Eid ul-Fitr, Eid al-Adha begins with a Wajib prayer of two Raka'ah (units) followed by a sermon (khuṭbah).

The word "Eid" appears in Sura al-Mai'da ("The Table Spread," Chapter 5) of the Qur'an, meaning 'solemn festival'.[3]

Eid al-Adha is celebrated annually on the 10th day of the 12th and the last Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah (ذو الحجة) of the lunar Islamic calendar.[4] Eid al-Adha celebrations start after the Hajj, the annual pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia by Muslims worldwide, descend from Mount Arafat. The date is approximately 70 days (2 Months & 10 days) after the end of the month of Ramadan, i.e. Eid-ul-Fitr. Ritual observance of the holiday lasts until sunset of the 13th day of Dhu al-Hijjah.[5]

This is mentioned in the Qur'an as follows:

"O my Lord! Grant me a righteous (son)!" So We gave him the good news of a boy, possessing forbearance. And when (his son) was old enough to walk and work with him, (Abraham) said: O my dear son, I see in vision that I offer you in sacrifice: Now see what is your view!" (The son) said: "O my father! Do what you are commanded; if Allah wills, you will find me one practising patience and steadfastness!" So when they both submitted and he threw him down upon his forehead, We called out to him saying: O Ibraheem! You have indeed fulfilled the vision; surely thus do We reward those who do good. Most surely this was a manifest trial. And We ransomed him with a momentous sacrifice. And We perpetuated (praise) to him among the later generations. "Peace and salutation to Abraham!" Thus indeed do We reward those who do right. Surely he was one of Our believing servants.[11]

As a reward for this sacrifice, Allah then granted Abraham the good news of the birth of his second son, Is-haaq (Isaac):

And We gave him the good news of Is-haaq, a prophet from among the righteous. [12]

Abraham had shown that his love for his god superseded all others: that he would lay down his own life or the lives of those dearest to him in submission to God's command. Muslims commemorate this ultimate act of sacrifice every year during Eid al-Adha.

Salat al-Eid is a Wajib (strongly recommended, but just short of obligatory) congregational prayer. It consists of two Raka'ah (units) with six additional Takbirs. Unlike the five daily canonical prayers, no adhan (Call to Prayer) or iqama (call) is pronounced for the two Eid prayers.[16] It must be offered in congregation. The Salaat (prayer) is then followed by the Khutbah, or sermon, by the Imam. The Khutbah is considered an integral part of the Eid prayer and so listening to it is thus considered Wajib. During the Khutbah, the Imam reminds the Muslim community about its responsibilities and obligations towards Allah, and good works, kindness, mercy and generosity towards their fellow Muslims and humanity as a whole.

At the conclusion of the prayers and sermon, the Muslims embrace and exchange greetings with one other (Eid Mubarak), give gifts (Eidi) to children, and visit one another. Many Muslims also take this opportunity to invite their non-Muslims friends, neighbours, co-workers and classmates to their Eid festivities to better acquaint them about Islam and Muslim culture.[17]

resat1972, TRB ha puntuado esta nota como útil.

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Additional Photos by adnan gulberk (agulberk) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 590 W: 71 N: 618] (3794)
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