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Photographer's Note

Decided to go for a walk at Gibsons Steps today, and photograph what I call the first apostle at ground level. This is a view that is not as popular as the numerous overhead shots, taken from the viewing platform. The apostles were formed by erosion the harsh weather conditions from the Southern Ocean gradually eroded the soft limestone to form caves in the cliffs, which then became arches, which in turn collapsed; leaving rock stacks up to 45 metres high. The site was known as the Sow and Piglets until 1922 (Muttonbird Island, near Loch Ard Gorge, was the Sow, and the smaller rock stacks the Piglets) after which it was renamed to The Apostles for tourism purposes. The formation eventually became known as the Twelve Apostles, despite only ever having nine stacks.The stacks are susceptible to further erosion from the waves On 3 July 2005, a 50 metre tall stack collapsed, leaving eight remaining. On 25 September 2009, it was thought that another of the stacks fell, but this was actually one of the smaller stacks of the Three Sisters formation. The rate of erosion at the base of the limestone pillars is approximately 2 cm per year. Due to wave action eroding the cliff face existing headlands are expected to become new limestone stacks in the future. Hope you enjoy this view taken with tripod.
Regards Mike.

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Additional Photos by Mike'n'Gail Bottomley (mikebottomley) Silver Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 37 W: 5 N: 96] (449)
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