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Espírito Santo is one of the states of southeastern Brazil, often referred to by the abbreviation "ES". Its capital is Vitória, and the largest city is Vila Velha. Those who are born in the state are known as "Capixabas", although the precise word is "espiritossantenses". The name means literally "holy spirit" after the Holy Ghost of Christianity. With an extensive coastline (40% of the territory is on the coast), the state has some of the country's main ports, but the beaches are the best tourist attractions. Vitória, the capital, is on an island, next to Guarapari, well known by its sands. In the extreme north is the Itaúnas part of the municipality of Conceição da Barra, whose sand dunes and forró are famous. Also on the coast, the typical gastronomy is another attraction with the moquecas capixabas and
many fruits from the ocean and seafood. In the country of the state are many natural beauties, such as the parks of Pedra Azul and Alto Caparaó, and the Italian and German colonies.

Geography
With 46,180 square kilometers (17,830 sq mi), it is about the size of Estonia, or half the size of Portugal, and has a variety of habitats including coastal planes, lakes, mountain forest, mangroves and many others.
The islands of Trindade and Martim Vaz, 715 kilometers (444 mi) East of Vitória in the Southern Atlantic Ocean, also belong to Espirito Santo state.

Rivers
The main river in the state is the Doce. Other important river basins include the Santa Maria River Basin which is the northern branch of rivers which join the sea at Vitoria, and Jucu River Basin which flows into the sea at roughly the same place, but corresponds to the southern branch (which seems to come out of Vitoria).

Climate
Espírito Santo's climate is tropical along the coast, with dry winters and rainy summers. North of Doce river it's generally drier and also hot. In the moutaineous regions in the south and south west of the state, the tropical climate is strongly influenced by altitude, and the average temperatures are colder.

Lakes
One of the most important lake districts in Brazil lies on the banks of the Doce river. The area contains
some 26 large lakes, the biggest of which is called Juparanã Lake.

Topography
The state can be divided into two areas: the low lying coastline and the highland area known as Serra (where
one can find the 2,890 m Pico da Bandeira mountain), which is part of the larger Serra do Caparaó, the Caparaó Highlands.

Location
This Brazilian state is in the east of the southeastern subdivision of Brazil, which also contains the states of São Paulo, Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean (E), the state of Bahia (N), the state of Minas Gerais (N) and (W), and the state of Rio de Janeiro (S). Espírito Santo's main cities (outside of the Greater Vitória region) are Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, Colatina, Linhares, São Mateus and Aracruz.

Capixabas
There are doubts as to the origin of the term Capixabas, as those born in Espírito Santo are called. It may derive from the name of a local tribe, from when the Portuguese arrived in the area during the colonial period. A more accepted explanation states that the local Amerindians gave the name to the inhabitants of Vitória island, which means plantation or even corn plantation, as plantations of various crops were interspersed with their houses. "Capixaba" is a word from Tupi-Guarani, a group of languages of some of Brazil's native population. It means " cabelo de milho" (Corn Hair) because when the Portuguese arrived they were blonde so their hair reminded the native people of the golden colour of the corn hair.

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A Terceira Ponte tem nome oficial de Ponte Deputado Darcy Castello de Mendonça e liga a cidade de Vitória a Vila Velha, ambas no estado do Espírito Santo, e foi a maior obra já realizada no estado e uma das maiores do Brasil, tornando-se um dos cartões-postais da cidade.
O povo apelidou-a de Terceira Ponte logo que foi anunciado o projeto de sua construção, devido às duas
outras pontes que já existiam anteriormente ligando Vitória a Vila Velha: Ponte Florentino Avidos (conhecida como "Cinco Pontes") e Segunda Ponte (Ponte do Príncipe).
A primeira ponte (Florentino Avidos), inaugurada em 1928, ligou o coração de Vitória com os fundos de Vila
Velha. A segunda, aberta em 1979, trouxe o tráfego continental para o miolo da capital, Vitória.
A Terceira Ponte foi construída para desafogar essas duas primeiras [e já está longe de bastar, considerando-se os enormes engarrafamentos que se acumulam no horário de pico, agravados por má engenharia de tráfego no pedágio e no escoadouro da ponte, seja em Vitória, seja em Vila Velha]. Possui 3,33 km de extensão, vão principal com 70m de altura e 200m de um pilar ao outro, permitindo assim o acesso de navios de grande porte à baía de Vitória.
É a principal ligação de Vitória com Vila Velha e o litoral sul do Espírito Santo e depois de sua construção, Vila Velha passou por um intenso crescimento na construção civil, dando outra dimensão à sua então condição de cidade-dormitório.
O primeiro pilar da Terceira Ponte foi concretado em 1978, durante o Governo de Élcio Álvares e foi concluída em 1989, no Governo de Max Mauro. A ponte iniciou operando com 12 mil carros por dia e em outubro de 1992 já eram 15.964 por dia, em média.

Source: Wikipedia.org

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>>Other shots from my trip to the state of Espírito Santo


Camera Model Canon EOS 40D
Shooting Date/Time 19/12/2008 18:14:04
Shooting Mode Aperture-Priority AE
Tv( Shutter Speed ) 1/30
Av( Aperture Value ) 14.0
Metering Mode Evaluative Metering
Exposure Compensation 0
ISO Speed 250
Lens 10-20mm
Focal Length 10.0 mm
Image Size 3888x2592
Image Quality RAW
Flash Off
White Balance Mode Auto
AF Mode One-Shot AF
Picture Style Standard
Sharpness 7
Contrast 0
Saturation 0
Color tone 0
Color Space sRGB
Long exposure noise reduction 1:Auto
High ISO speed noise reduction 1:Enable
Highlight tone priority 0:Disable
File Size 13877 KB

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