Photographer's Note

Here is a sunset from the shores of Santa Marta in full Caribbean.
In the distance you can appreciate the craft carriers of coal.

Here is what "El Cerrejon, " the Colombian coal mine:

Cerrejón is the world's largest export open pit coal mining operation and it is located in La Guajira state, in the north-eastern part of Colombia.
The Mine has estimated resources of 2,193 million tonnes of coal covering a land area of 69,000 hectares within which are five concession areas:
North Zone, Patilla, Oreganal and South Zone with the Colombian State and Central Zone with Comunidad de El Cerrejón.

Open pit mining is an operation that starts with the cleaning of the surface and the careful removal of the topsoil layer, which is stored for future rehabilitation of the land used. Then drilling and blasting are carried out, followed by the removal of overburden material, until the coal seams are exposed.

Coal is loaded and transported in trucks from the mine to the stock piles and crushers, and then is taken to two silos that load the train.

The equipment and machinery used at the mine are among the largest and most modern. There are also shops on site for carrying out maintenance of trucks, tractors and scrapers. Other facilities include reconstruction shops, administrative offices and telecommunications systems between the mine, the railway, the port and Bogotá.

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Additional Photos by Lily Beth LAURO LILLO (lilito) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 511 W: 94 N: 394] (3534)
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