Photographer's Note

Just 74km east from earthquake ravaged Christchurch is the Banks Peninsula. This is taken from the summit road and overlooks Bays
and Towns such as Duvachelle, Akaroa, Robinsons Bay, French Farm
and Takatuma.

The Peninsula now caters to the the cruise ships after Lyttleton was battered by the earthquakes which you can see in the distance. We felt three rattles while here on the Peninsula.

The whale looking island poking out from the left is the a Maori Pa (Onawe Pa). Maori pa refers to any Maori village or settlement, although it traditionally refers to fortified villages with palisades and defensive terraces. The verb pa means ‘to obstruct’ but as a noun it refers directly to ‘something used to block’. Many tribes would have two forms of villages with a fortified village right next to a residential one. To welcome extra population growth the Maori would often build residential villages, next to their fortified ones.

These residential villages would also often have a line of defence.
If any war was about to start or any enemy was approaching, the Maori would go from the kainga to the pa taking food supplies with them.

The Maori pa played a major part in the land wars in New Zealand.
The fortified villages were much more common in some areas than others, as war wouldn’t happen as often everywhere.

You need permission from the local iwi to go onto any Pa.

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Additional Photos by Jim Kil (jimkil) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Note Writer [C: 151 W: 1 N: 181] (1706)
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